Prostatitis: what is this disease and how to treat it

Prostatitis is usually called the inflammatory process that develops in the prostate gland in men. This disease has unpleasant symptoms and is fraught with the development of complications, one of which is infertility. So what is prostatitis and how dangerous is the disease for the health of the male urogenital system? With these questions, it is recommended that you contact a urologist. This doctor will tell you exactly why prostatitis occurs, what kind of disease prostatitis is and how to treat it properly.

Lack of timely medical care causes the inflammation to progress to a chronic form. With symptoms of prostate disease, treatment should be started without delay. Otherwise, the infection can cause dangerous consequences, including tissue hyperplasia. Because it is extremely difficult to treat acute prostatitis on your own, contact a urologist immediately. With an unfavorable course, the disease causes inflammation of the testicles, appendages, kidney structures.

Growth reasons

In modern men, damage to the prostate gland is not uncommon. Today it is diagnosed both as an independent disease and as one of the symptoms of urological disorders - urethritis, prostate adenoma, cancer, kidney pathologies.

The causes of prostatitis are usually associated with the action of infectious agents and predisposing agents. Inflammation is caused by staphylococci, E. coli, enterococci and other common pathogens. It is extremely important to identify the causes of the disease in prostate inflammation so that an effective drug treatment can be chosen.

Risk groups

A doctor's examination will help identify the causes of prostatitis

At risk are people with weakened immune systems, sexually transmitted diseases, injuries to the urogenital organs and the habit of holding urine. Not all men know why prostatitis is dangerous, what it is and what factors can trigger the development of the disease. A superficial attitude to one's health often leads to a prolonged course of the inflammatory process. The educational work of urologists helps to form a correct idea about such a disease as prostatitis and its possible consequences.

Predisposing factors

Urologists pay close attention to the possible causes of prostatitis: treatment will be much more effective if the main predisposing factors are affected. This will help to significantly reduce the risk of periodic flare-ups of the inflammatory process.

Possible causes of prostate disease:

  • exacerbation of kidney disease;
  • urogenital injuries;
  • hypothermia;
  • increased exposure to radiation in the body.
  • spread of infection from other pelvic organs.
  • violations of the normal rhythm of sexual activity.
  • long stay in a sitting position.
  • compression of the genitals with tight underwear, pants and jeans.
  • development of urological diseases, infection with venereal infections.
  • chronic stress;
  • general suppression of the immune system.

If you develop prostatitis, the causes of the disease should be determined by a qualified specialist. First of all, you need to contact a urologist. He will perform an examination and prescribe a complete examination.

Blood clotting as the main cause of prostatitis

Effective treatment of prostatitis at home is impossible without eliminating the factors that cause stagnant processes in the pelvis. Violation of blood flow causes peroxidation of fats, release of exudative fluid, the appearance of internal swelling of the glandular tissues. This creates favorable conditions for the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. Having discovered the possible causes of inflammation, you can understand how to treat prostatitis at home without the disease turning into a dangerous chronic form.

Diagnostic methods

To understand how to treat prostatitis in a particular man, it is necessary to make a diagnosis. Only then can you choose certain medications and techniques. Based on the results of laboratory and organic studies, the urologist can determine how to treat prostatitis for a man and how to prevent recurrences in the future.

The main diagnostic methods for prostate inflammation:

  • determination of the level of PSA in the blood.
  • Prostate ultrasound?
  • laboratory diagnosis of blood, urine.
  • ureteroscopy?
  • cystoscopy;
  • rectal examination of the gland.
  • urodynamic studies (cystometry, profilometry, urometry).

Comprehensive diagnosis helps to quickly select an effective treatment for prostatitis at home, prescribing drugs aimed at destroying a specific infectious agent.

PSA test

The PSA test helps not only to detect cancerous processes in the gland, but also to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for already diagnosed tumors and inflammation of the prostate gland. The method makes it possible to increase the effectiveness of treatment and reduce the risk of complications.

Thus, PSA screening, although a rather controversial type of early diagnosis of prostate cancer, in most cases allows you to start treatment early, which is undoubtedly very important for a person with a chronic course of inflammatory and hyperplastic processes.

Combined with other diagnostic methods that look at the false results of a prostate screening test, the PSA test is a fairly high quality way to prevent cancer and monitor ongoing treatment. If many positive results are repeated, prostate tissue is obtained for further biological examination.

Symptoms of the disease

Prostatitis in men can have a variety of symptoms, depending on the stage of the disease. The acute form of the disease occurs more often with a background of infection in the pelvic organs and progresses relatively easily, without symptoms of intoxication and fever. If these signs of prostatitis occur in men, you should contact a urologist immediately to begin treatment early and avoid complications.

Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent, painful urination.
  • pain in the sacrum, genitals and perineum.
  • pain syndrome increases with defecation, sexual intimacy.
  • body temperature rises;
  • there is a feeling of full bladder and partial emptying (due to compression of the ureter by the inflamed prostate).
  • the poisoning intensifies, muscle and joint pains appear.
  • urinary retention is possible.
If you suspect prostatitis, you should have an ultrasound of the prostate gland.

If you have one or more possible signs of prostate inflammation, you should contact a specialist. Even if the state of health is satisfactory, the pathological process can proceed with erased marks, but at the same time cause complications.

The course of chronic prostatitis

The chronic inflammatory process is able to proceed almost asymptomatically. Men may experience slight pain when urinating, mild lethargy, chronic fatigue syndrome, and sexual dysfunction.

Men notice the following pathological signs (depending on the form and stage of the inflammatory process):

  • pain when urinating;
  • partial or complete urinary retention.
  • pain in the sacrum, in the perineum.
  • increase in body temperature;
  • severe weakness, reduced performance.
  • painful defecation;
  • decreased libido, impotence.

The deleted image of the chronic form of the disease misleads the patient and delays the visit to the urologist and the delay is fraught with the development of complications: prostate edema, acute urinary retention, prostate abscess, inflammation of the testicles and seminal vesicles. , which often leads to irreversible male infertility.

The clinical manifestations of prostate inflammation vary depending on the stage of the disease. If the procedure develops for the first time, then patients feel severe malaise, pain in the genitals and perineum, complain of painful, frequent urination. Body temperature may rise and pus may be discharged from the urethra. In the absence of medical care, the pathological process may be complicated by sepsis, purulent abscess of the prostate, cystitis, inflammation of the testicles and their appendages (epididymitis).

Treatment of prostatitis

Prostatitis is treated at home. Hospitalization is indicated for purulent complications and severe poisoning syndrome. Specialists prescribe antibiotics (taking into account the sensitivity), carry out anti-inflammatory treatment. After the remission of the acute procedure, physiotherapy, prostate massage is prescribed.

As prostatitis can be treated at home only after consulting a doctor, folk remedies and methods can not be used without the permission of a urologist. Unconventional methods are especially dangerous in severe cases of the disease. Treatment of prostatitis at home can lead to the transition of the pathology to a recurrent chronic form.

Medical treatment

How to effectively treat prostatitis with drugs? Medications can be effective if chosen taking into account the nature of the disease. Infectious agents can be detected using laboratory tests. It is best to ask a urologist about how the prostate is treated.

Of the drugs, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • antibiotics;
  • analgesics?
  • diuretics;
  • anti-inflammatory.

The drugs are prescribed in courses for 2-4 weeks. A good antibiotic with a wide range of action helps to destroy the infection in the glandular tissues, prevents the spread of the infection. The treatment of chronic prostatitis at home lasts up to 4-6 months. The inflammatory process that has started is much more difficult to cure and lasts longer.


Physiotherapy is used mainly after the elimination of the acute symptoms of the disease, when the man's health returns to normal, the complete outflow of urine is restored. The goal of physiotherapy is to restore normal blood circulation. It is the deterioration of blood flow that contributes to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.

Physiotherapy is highly recommended in the chronic course of the disease. Experts prescribe laser treatments that have anti-inflammatory action, stimulate local immunity, eliminate pain and discomfort, and kill germs. Also, with prostatitis, ultrasound and electromagnetic techniques are used. It is possible to prescribe drug microencapsulators with drugs that have a therapeutic and therapeutic effect.

Prostate massage

How can prostatitis be treated with massage? The method is effective, but is used a few weeks after the start of treatment, when the acute pain subsides, urination is normalized. The massage should not be done by infinite people. This can cause serious damage to your health.

The technique is based on a gentle effect on the prostate gland. The massage helps to expel the accumulated inflammatory secretion in the pores of the organ, from where it enters the urethra and is removed completely painlessly and safely from the body. The method restores blood circulation to the pelvic organs, eliminating the conditions for further reproduction of infectious microorganisms. Prostate massage treats stagnant processes well and increases the effectiveness of antibiotics and other drugs.

General recommendations

It is recommended to change the lifestyle, to avoid infection from sexually transmitted diseases, hypothermia, stressful situations. A man should give up tight underwear that presses on the genitals and disrupts blood flow to the pelvis. It is recommended to have a regular sex life, but watch out for the transmission of sexually transmitted infections through unprotected close contact.

Severe dietary violations can cause recurrence of prostate inflammation. Do not abuse spices, seasonings, smoked meats and alcohol. It is also worth giving up strong coffee, overly salty dishes and marinades.

The effectiveness of folk methods

Many are interested and want to learn how to treat prostatitis at home without the use of drugs. But medications, especially antibiotics, are necessary for prostate inflammation. Only with their help it is possible to treat prostatitis at home without infectious complications.

There is a view that if the disease causes hypothermia, then it is not necessary to take antibacterial drugs. Since most men have to deal with prostatitis at home, they often refuse antibiotics in favor of traditional medicine. However, hypothermia or other seemingly harmless predisposing factors create the conditions for the reproduction of Escherichia coli, staphylococci and other microorganisms.

Therefore, you should not even try to learn how to treat the prostate at home in unverified ways. This can be dangerous for a man's life and reproductive health.